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人教版初中英语语法和知识点总结与练*题

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初一至初三全程英语知识点总结及练* 初一年级(上) 【知识梳理】 11. What's …plus…? It's…. I. 重点短语 12. I think… 13. Who's this? This is…. 1. Sit down 14. What can you see? I can see…. 2. on duty 15. There is (are) …. 3. in English 16. What color is it (are they)? It's (They're)… 4. have a seat 17. Whose …is this? It's…. 5. at home 18. What time is it? It's…. 6. look like 7. look at III. 交际用语 8. have a look 9. come on 1. Good morning, Miss/Mr…. 10. at work 2. Hello! Hi! 11. at school 3. Nice to meet you. Nice to meet you, too. 12. put on 4. How are you? I'm fine, thank you/thanks. 13. look after And you? 14. get up 5. See you. See you later. 15. go shopping 6. Thank you! You're welcome. 7. Goodbye! Bye! II. 重要句型 8. What's your name? My name is …. 9. Here you are. This way, please. 1. help sb. do sth. 10. Who's on duty today? 2. What about…? 11. Let's do. 3. Let's do sth. 12. Let me see. 4. It's time to do sth. 5. It's time for … IV. 重要语法 6. What's…? It is…/ It's… 1. 动词 be 的用法; 7. Where is…? It's…. 2. 人称代词和物主代词的用法; 8. How old are you? I'm…. 3. 名词的单复数和所有格的用法; 9. What class are you in? 4. 冠词的基本用法; I'm in…. 5. There be 句型的用法。 10. Welcome to…. 【名师讲解】 1.in/on 在表示空间位置时,in 表示在某个空间的范围以内,on 表示在某一个物体的表面之上。 例如:There is a bird in the tree. 树上有只鸟。There is a picture on the wall. 墙上有张图。 2. this/that/these/those (1)this 常常用来指在时间、地点上更接*讲话人的人和事,these 是 this 的复数形式。that 常常用来指在 时间、地点上离讲话人更远一点的人和事,those 时 that 的复数形式。例如:You look in this box and I'll look in that one over there.你看看这个盒子,我去看那边的那个盒子。 1 I want this car, not that car. 我想要这辆小汽车,不是那一辆。 Take these books to his room, please. 请把这些书拿到他房间去。 This is mine; that's yours. 这个是我的,那个是你的。 These are apples; those are oranges. 这些是苹果,那些是橘子。 (2)在打电话的用语中,this 常常指的是我,that 常常指的是对方。例如: This is Mary speaking. Who's that? 我是玛丽。你是谁? 3. There be/ have There be 有,其确切含意为某处或某时存在某人或某物。其结构是:There be + 某人或某物 + 表 示地点或时间的状语。There be 后面的名词实际上是主语,be 动词的形式要和主语在数上保持一致,be 动词后面的名词是单数或不可数名词时用 is,名词是复数时用 are。例如:(1) There is a big bottle of coke on the table. 桌上有一大瓶子可乐。 (2) There is a doll in the box. 那个盒子里有个娃娃。 (3) There are many apples on the tree. 那树上有许多苹果。 总之,There be 结构强调的是一种客观存在的有。have 表示拥有,占有,具有,即:某人有某物(sb. have / has sth.)。主语一般是名词或代词,与主语是所属关系。例如: (4) I have two brothers and one sister.我有两个兄弟,一个姐姐。 (5) That house has four rooms.那所房子有四个房间。 4. look/ see/ watch (1)look 表示“看、瞧”,着重指认真看,强调看的动作,表示有意识地注意看,但不一定看到,以提醒对 方注意。,如: Look! The children are playing computer games. 瞧!孩子们在玩电脑游戏。 Look! What's that over there? 看!那边那个是什么? 单独使



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